Geographical Position, Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari
The Province of Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari covers an area of 16,201 sq km, and is situated in the Zagros Mountain Ranges, between the inner ranges and the province of Esfahan. The following five townships such as Ardal, Brujen, Shahr-e-Kord, Farsan, and Lordegan come under the Jurisdiction of this province; Shahr-e-Kord being the capital. In the year 1996, the said province had a population of approximately 761,000 of which about 45% resided in urban areas, 54% rural areas and the remaining were non-resident tribes.
Climate, Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari
Nesting in the center of the Zagross Mountain Ranges, which span over an area from the northwest of the country to the southeast, this province has a difference in altitude due to the mountainous terrain. The highest part being in he the western segment with an altitude of 4,548 m. and the lower most vicinity being in the eastern sector of Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari. Rivers such as Zayandeh Rood and Karoon originate from the mountains of this province. These mountains due to the relief of the land are snow clad throughout the year, and bear and influence over the climate of the province which experiences a cold climate generally.
In the higher altitudes, that is over 2000 mt. and forms a major part of this province, rainfall and snowfalls are from mid-autumn and continue till spring about the month of March/April. But in the lower areas hot summers with temperate areas soaring over 40° C and scanty precipitation are experienced.
Winter beginning usually in the end of Autumn and continues over a period of 4-5 months. The coldest time being December/January with temperatures bearing an average of approximately 10° C, the maximum temperature being 35° C and the minimum dropping to - 15° C. The annual rainfall recorded at 426 mm and the coldest 'Snow bound' days being 127 days on the whole. From around the month of May till October the weather is usually dry.
History and Culture, Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari
The historical background of the province of Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari intermingles with that of the Bakhtiyari Tribe that comes from a branch of the Lur Clan or Tribe, who were known as Lor-e-Bozorg (Great Lor) in the history of Iran. The Bakhtiyari Tribe can be divided into two tribes (branches), Haft Lang and Chahar Lang. The summer quarters of the Chahar Lang being in the vicinity of the province of Lurestan and generally the Haft Lang Tribe form their jurisdiction in the townships of Brujen, Lordegan, Farsan, Ardal and Shahr-e-Kord. The Bakhtiyari territory at times came under the hands of the province of Fars and was also a part of the Khuzestan province.
Due to their special nomadic life style, very little historical evidences have come to light in this area. But this fact does not take away from the natural scenery beauty such as forestry, wetlands, gushing streams and rivers, waterfalls, thermal and natural springs all enveloped in a cool mountainous climate enhance the natural beauty, beside other interests such as winter sports.
The province of Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari can be said to be one of the most interesting areas in Iran regarding special traditions or rituals, relative to their 'tribal' lifestyle and having a special connection with the national, religious, mourning and wedding ceremonies performed here. Besides which the form of music, dance and apparel (both men and women) can be made special mention of. Thus culturally this vicinity can be named as having features holding its own.