Geographical Position, Qazvin Province
The province of Qazvin, geographically is like a bridge connecting the capital of the country to the northern and western parts. In recent decades, Qazvin has become one of the significant developing poles of the country. Qazvin province was established in 1996. The same comprises of the township of Qazvin, which was formerly a part of the province of Tehran, and the township of Takestan, which was a part of the province of Zanjan. The townships of the province are Qazvin, Takestan and Bo'inn Zahra. In1996 the population of Qazvin province was about 968,000 out of which 57% lived in the urban areas and 43% in the rural regions.
With regards to natural geography, this province is divided into two mountainous and plain areas. The mountain regions are located in the north of the province, while the valleys of the Alborz Mountains lie in its southern skirts.
Climate, Qazvin Province
The climate of the province in the northern parts is cold and snowy in winters and temperate in summers. In the southern parts the climate is mild with comparatively cold winters and warm summers.
History and Culture, Qazvin Province
Qazvin's historical background dates back to the Medes era, the 9th century BC. At that time, Qazvin was frequently attacked by tribes such as the Dialameh of Tabarestan. In the early years of the Islamic era Qazvin served as a base for the Arab forces. In the early Safavid period, Qazvin was selected as the capital. During the Qajar Dynasty and contemporary period, Qazvin has always been one of the most important governmental centers due to its proximity to Tehran. Prominent literary and social figures such as Obeid Zakani, Hamd Ol Lah Mostowfi, Mohamad Qazvini, Alame Qazvini, Alame Dehkhoda and Aref Qazvini (a talented poet of Constitutional Revolution era) and many others, were native residents of Qazvin.