Geographical Position, Yazd
The province of Yazd with an area of 120,000 sq.km., is located in the center of Iran, and according to latest divisions of the country, it is divided into seven townships. These townships are Maybod, Mehreez, Taft, Ardakan, Bafq, Abar Kooh and Yazd. According to the 2005 census, Yazd province had a population of about 800,000, of which 75.1% were urban dwellers and 24.9% were in the rural areas. The city of Yazd is the provincial capital and therefore the most heavily populated.
This province is situated in the central mountainous area of Iran which is significant for its several hills, slopes, plains, deserts, and sandy hills. There are two distinctive mountain chains in this province, the first crosses from the northwest towards the southeast, that is, also crossing the center of Iran. It is known as the Central Mountain Chain. The second chain includes those located in the center, northern, and eastern parts of the province. The Shir Kooh chain is like a wall separating the central areas from the western areas of the province. The peak of this mountain is always covered with snow and ice and the snow of this chain supplies the water requirements of the cities of Yazd, Taft, and Mehreez.
The province of Yazd is dry for two basic reasons, firstly Yazd is located on the arid belt of the world, and secondly it is very far from the Oman Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Iranian lakes, as well as the humid currents of the sea. One of the important factors which makes the weather moderate and also suitable for living, is being surrounded by high mountains, which affect the weather.
Therefore, areas within the province with more than 2,500 meters in height enjoy moderate and humid weather. The average temperature of the province is 18.9° C, whilst the maximum temperature in July is 43° C, and the minimum in January is -7.2° C. Except for the Shir Kooh mountainous area, the rest of the areas of the province of yazd are generally hot and dry and it becomes drier and warmer from the west and southwest towards the north-east and east.
History and Culture, Yazd
The Yazd province houses some of the most valuable and the greatest cultural heritage from various periods of history of civilization of Iran. The history of human settlements in this land dates back to the 3rd millennium BC., and according to the Iranian myths, in the Peeshdadian period, tribes who traveled from Balkh to Pars, named this land Yazdan, and from that time onwards Yazd became a place of worship. The main and initial settlements of the province were in Mehrpadyan (Mehreez), Fahrashan, Pahreh (Fahraj), Khormeesh, Ard (Ardakan), Shevaz, Qelaz Mobadan (Maybod), Taranj, Aqda and Ashkzar.
The city of Yazd was known as a holy and a pure place, and it was considered to be the most important city. The beautiful green valleys, wonderful country side, springs, peaks and hill sides, caves, protected wildlife areas and specially the desert views are some of the attractive specifications of the nature of Yazd. Most of them are known as the recreational areas of the province.
The cultural attractions of the province are also remarkable. From the viewpoint of cultural behavior, the rich legacy of the people's culture shows like able and old traditions of the Zoroastrians. The native Zoroastrians of the province, according to a tradition hold their rituals on different occasions every year, and from the tourism viewpoint, it is interesting and attractive, even for the Muslims and followers of other religions.